"Legea Imigrarii" sustinuta la Washington, intr-o forma favorabila celor aproximativ 12.000.000 de imigranti din SUA, este acum sub asediu din toate partile
Citeste de asemenea "Noua lege a imigrarii, pe scurt"
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The Senate Tuesday could debate and vote
on two Democratic amendments that would dramatically alter the
bipartisan legislation announced last week.
The bill is the
result of a deal struck after nearly three months of bipartisan talks
and endorsed by the White House last week. It would offer the estimated
12 million undocumented immigrants now in the United States a path to
citizenship, boost border controls and establish a guest-worker program
that would grant two-year residency for up to 400,000 people.
(Interactive:Immigration bill at a glance)
Dakota Democrat Sen. Byron Dorgan's amendment would eliminate the guest
worker program entirely. The amendment offered by Sen. Jeff Bingaman,
D-New Mexico, would cut the program in half.
Many Democrats don't
like the program because they think it drives down wages for American
workers and creates a permanent underclass of immigrant workers. (Watch how the bill is already being blasted from all sides )
Republicans generally favor a strong guest worker program because businesses say they need the labor.
Lindsey Graham, R-South Carolina, one of the negotiators who crafted
the agreement, said he is concerned about both amendments passing but
especially Bingaman's because a similar amendment passed last year with
Graham said passage of the amendment "would throw things out of kilter but not completely off track."
word yet what Republicans will offer as an amendment but Sen. James
Inhofe, R-Oklahoma, said Monday he's hoping it will be his proposal to
make English the official language of the U.S.
negotiators are to huddle privately before floor action begins to
determine how they'll vote on the various amendments. They say they'll
do this each day to ensure they can preserve the "grand bargain" they
The bill survived its first hurdle Monday evening, a
69-23 procedural vote that brought the measure to the Senate floor.
Opponents argued the 380-page bill needed closer scrutiny before coming
before the chamber, but they fell short of the 41 votes needed to keep
it off the floor.
After saying they wanted to act on the bill
before the Memorial Day holiday, Senate leaders set aside two weeks for
debate, with a week-long break for Memorial Day in between.
Some lawmakers complained they have not yet finished reading the 380-page bill, which was distributed over the weekend.
are we in the midst of this rush to judgment, this rush to pass this
bill?" asked Sen. David Vitter, R-Louisiana. "I believe there's a very
simple political answer, and it is that if the American people fully
understood what is buried in this bill, there would be a massive outcry
Vitter complained that the legislation was coming to
the floor without review by Senate committees or an analysis of its
financial impact by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office. And
Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Alabama, said the bill "needs some time to be
disinfected by the light of day."
But one of the bill's architects, Massachusetts Democrat Edward Kennedy, called the plan "strong, realistic and fair."
provides tough new enforcement at the border and the work site,"
Kennedy said. "It allows a realistic path to family security and
eventual citizenship for millions of men, women and children already
here. And it provides a new system for allocating visas in the future
that stresses family reunion and national economic needs."
measure would grant immediate work authorization to undocumented
workers who arrived in the United States before January 1, 2007. Heads
of households would have to return to their home countries within eight
years, with a guaranteed the right to return, and applicants would also
have to pay a $5,000 penalty.
Kennedy said to qualify for legal
status, undocumented workers have to work, pay taxes, learn English and
"get in line for their green cards" behind people who have already
It would also give the Department of Homeland
Security new tools to crack down on employers who hire illegal
immigrants and double the size of the Border Patrol by adding 14,000
The bill has drawn fire from conservative critics,
who blasted it as "amnesty" for undocumented workers; and from
liberals, who say it unfairly limits opportunities for unskilled
workers and would split families.
"Instead of punishing these
people, a few senators and the administration have crafted a
large-scale get-out-of-jail-free pass," said Sen. Jim Bunning,
Graham challenged critics to "do more than just shout amnesty."
debate is about the future of the United States, when it comes to our
national security, our employment needs, our ability to compete with
the world for the labor force that exists," he said. "And at the heart
of this debate, it's about who we are as a people."
Majority Leader Harry Reid said the bill is "not perfect," and warned
that as written, it could end up creating a "permanent underclass" of
guest workers. But he said the measure can be amended during debate.
think we can all agree that the spirit of bipartisanship behind it is
encouraging. We'll continue along that road in the coming days," said
But one of the bill's supporters, Pennsylvania
Republican Sen. Arlen Specter, said its advocates represent "a very
fragile coalition." If the fundamental elements of the proposal are
changed, "We're going to run the risk of losing senators," he said.
Bush backed the measure last week, telling reporters it would treat
immigrants "without amnesty but without animosity." A former Texas
governor, Bush has long sought to overhaul American immigration
policies and successfully courted Latino support during his political
career. (Watch Bush administration defend bill and Democrats express doubts )
CNN/Opinion Research Corp. poll taken in early May found 80 percent
support for creating a path for illegal immigrants to seek U.S.
citizenship, provided they had a job and paid back taxes. But
respondents were closely split on the idea of a guest-worker program,
with 48 percent supporting the concept and 50 percent opposed.Sursa: CNN